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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 104  |  Page : 10--18

Combined annoyance response from railroad and road traffic noise in an alpine valley


1 UMIT − University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall i. T., Austria
2 Kirisits Consulting Engineers, Pinkafeld-Vienna; Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
3 UMIT − University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall i. T.; Institute and Clinic for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany, Austria

Correspondence Address:
Christoph Lechner
Department of Public Health, Health Services Research and Health Technology Assessment, UMIT – University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Eduard- Wallnöfer-Zentrum 1, A-6060 Hall in Tirol
Austria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/nah.NAH_55_18

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Context: The aim of this study was to verify the contributing effect in the cases of combined road traffic noise and railroad traffic noise on total noise annoyance. Materials and Methods: After opening the four-track railway of the Lower Inn Valley Route in Austria, an evaluation study was conducted by an interview survey (n=1003). The data of this survey included answers on annoyance caused by railroad, road traffic noise and total annoyance as well as self-evaluated noise sensitivity. Results: When annoyance is only related to one of these sources, a 10% share of highly annoyed persons was observed at 59 dB for road noise and 60 dB for railroad noise. The annoyance model including both noise sources with a coefficient of 0.145 for road noise, 0.034 for railroad noise and 0.431 for noise sensitivity (all p-values < 0.01) showed a regression coefficient R2 of 0.299. The presence of road background noise did not influence the annoyance on railway noise. Conclusion: The combined influence of road and railway noise showed an increase of total annoyance.






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