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Year : 2004  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 24  |  Page : 51--62

Protection goals for residents in the vicinity of civil airports

1 Institute for Occupational Physiology at Dortmund University, Dortmund, Fed. Rep, Germany
2 Institute and Outpatients Clinic for Occupational and Social Medicine, Technical University of Dresden, Fed. Rep, Germany
3 Institute for Occupational and Social Medicine, University of Dusseldorf, Fed. Rep, Germany
4 Institute for Physiology and Experimental Pathophysiology, University of Erlangen, Fed. Rep, Germany

Correspondence Address:
B Griefahn
Institute for Occupational Physiology at Dortmund University, Ardeyst. 67, D-44139 Dortmund, Fed. Rep.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 15703141

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Based on extensive and detailed reviews the present paper suggests evaluation criteria for aircraft noise for the prediction of noise effects and for the protection of residents living in the vicinity of (newly constructed or extended) civil airports. The protection concept provides graded evaluation criteria: Critical loads indicate noise loads that shall be tolerated only exceptionally during a limited time. Protection Guides are central evaluation criteria for taking actions to reduce noise immission. Threshold values inform about measurable physiological and psychological reactions due to noise exposures where long term adverse health effects are not expected. Evaluation criteria are provided for various protection goals, for hearing, communication and sleep, for the avoidance of annoyance and of suspected cardiovascular diseases. As protection of the residents is understood as a dynamic process, these criteria must be repeatedly tested and adapted to new scientific findings.


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